I was honored to be part of the keynote panel at MISTI-Con 2019 alongside Bayana Davis, Constance Gibbs, and Lawrence Neals, “Evanesco Representation, Accio Inclusion: Diversity in Harry Potter.” Moderator Robyn Jordan of Black Girls Create sent out questions in advance. Here are the answers I prepared to a couple of those questions.
I’m going to focus on my love for Claudia Kim’s portrayal of Nagini in Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald.
On September 25 of last year, they announced her character’s name. Here is my five-item tweet as soon as I found out:
A Korean woman in Potterverse! *instant identification*
- Neville killed me, oh noes
- “milk Nagini” GROSSSSSS
- Impersonating Bathilda Bagshot’s corpse? That was a lot to ask of a snake!
- Ugh, I had to eat Charity Burbage
- OH MY GOD I ATE SNAPE
That was a fun morning.
I followed Claudia Kim’s Instagram with the video of her at a press event, saying, “I’m Nagini! I’m blushing.” She posted about running to watch Chamber of Secrets when it was on TV and captioned a screenshot of innocent little Neville with “Neville! Ahhhh!” and a scared-face emoji and a snake emoji. On her posts about the character, she wrote, “I love you, Nagini!”
Then I saw some of the backlash against the casting and storyline.
I tried looking through the arguments again for this panel, and they were so hurtful, I had to stop. Many of the objections struck me as unintentionally racist, even though they were from people who seemed to think of themselves as allies.
After all that, when the movie was released, I liked Nagini in it. I loved her two deleted scenes from the DVD and wish that both of hers had been kept in. I know Nagini is not written as Korean, but she feels very Korean to me.
1. What has been your experience as a non-white Harry Potter fan?
Some people objected to showing an Asian woman with such a tragic backstory or so unempowered, subservient to a white man. One viral tweet said something sarcastic about Nagini not being a “strong independent female character.” This confused me because this is Voldemort we’re talking about, right? Who possessed people and killed babies? Within a universe where magical people commonly have magical familiars, including Wormtail pretending to be a rat. This fandom has handled tragic stories like Sirius losing 12 years to wrongful imprisonment and Regulus sacrificing himself as a teen with no guarantee it would work — and that was in the children’s version of this story. The adult version, Fantastic Beasts, is about the treatment of humans and beasts — about “freaks” and “underbeings.”
Nagini’s story seems to fit right in, to me. Is the Asian woman somehow not allowed to have a role in this story about the prejudices that led to World War II?
Here is what I really hear:
This role should have gone to a white woman for the comfort of viewers who are uneasy with the images in their own heads of Asian women.
What I hear is: People were happier when there was no Korean woman in Potterverse. They don’t want us if it makes them feel uncomfortable.
What “strong, independent” narrative for a Korean woman in 1927 would these critics suggest? How do they want us to be for their approval? Because we have an example like that, with its own issues, in Seraphina Picquery, who seems to be the only black woman holding high office in magical New York, and yet somehow she’s president. The white characters in Fantastic Beasts have some degree of real-life historical context, but this black female character doesn’t seem to.
Some people objected to making an Asian woman into a “slave.”
Don’t people who died while enslaved by others deserve to have their stories told?
Some people objected that a character identified as Indonesian should not be played by a Korean actress. I can see that. But here’s how I saw that play out in real time:
A Korean actress joined the Potterverse, turned in a performance about resisting dehumanization and escaping trafficking, and then faced criticism, even mockery, on the press tour. It made my stomach hurt to watch her go through that. I’ve had the visceral experience of entering the room as the only Asian woman and feeling waves of disapproval, murmurs that my presence has turned something into a disaster for reasons that have nothing to do with my worth or my performance, with nothing I can do to fix it, only that they didn’t want a Korean woman there.
I hope more people take a minute to see more of the character Claudia Kim created. I liked Nagini in the movie, but I loved her in her two beautiful deleted scenes with Ezra Miller. They’re on the DVD extras — meaning the fullness of her character felt relegated to the margins. They’re clearly lovers in those scenes. In one, she encourages him to release his Obscurus peacefully and proves that it can pass through her without harm. In the other, he sees the skin on her hand turning scaly and he kisses it. They’re about the core of this Fantastic Beasts story.
2. What are some examples of how the quest for representation negatively impacts true inclusion and equity?
I believe there were Korean fans recoiling from the thought that the first time a Korean body is represented in the wizarding world, it’s in a degraded status as a doomed young woman. I can see that it might be better to be safely invisible to this Western film franchise, as usual, than to be portrayed on an international stage according to stereotype and fetish. There’s plenty of Korean media doing a better job of projecting the image that Koreans want represented to the world.
There’s a different Korean narrative going on there, though, one that I can’t imagine was intended by Rowling and Yates, who created Nagini as Indonesian.
What was going on in Korea in 1927? For one thing, there was no Korea. Korea was brutally colonized by Japan from 1910 to 1945, and that included slavery and trafficking of Korean girls on a massive scale. Japanese schoolteachers were recruited to select victims from Korea’s most established families in a deliberate move to demoralize and destroy the culture, similar to the Lestrange storyline with the Kama family. This issue was silenced for decades and it remains unresolved and a source of diplomatic conflict between Japan and Korea. A few of the survivors are still alive. A lot of them never told their own husbands and children.
For its many flaws, Fantastic Beasts is an international story about the oppressions that led to World War II. The two films we’ve seen so far have been about the stories that those places don’t want to acknowledge: witch hunts and politicized capital punishment in the U.S., racism and colonialism in France. I can understand not trusting Rowling and Warner Brothers to tell the story of Korean women during that time. However.
It is a destructive trap to hold that it’s somehow wrong or improper to tell in public the stories of Korean women who endured slavery and trafficking in the first half of the 20th century. We’re not the only ones that happened to – not even in this movie series – and the survivors and their younger generations continue to pay the cost, like a blood curse. Shame and silence only lead to more damage, with the greatest burden on the people who have suffered most already. This is part of the global story that Fantastic Beasts is telling about then and about now.